Lesson 46 Expensive and uncomfortable既昂贵又受罪First listen and then answer the question.
What did the man in this story do?
When a plane from London arrived at Sydney airport, workers began to unload a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing. No one could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy. It suddenly occurred to one of the workers to open up the box. He was astonished at what he found. A man was lying in the box on top of a pile of woolen goods. He was so surprised at being discovered that he did not even try to run away. After he was arrested, the man admitted hiding in the box before the plane left London. He had had a long and uncomfortable trip, for he had been confined to the wooden box for over eighteen hours. The man was ordered to pay $3,500 for the cost of the trip. The normal price of a ticket is $2,000!
当一架来自伦敦的飞机抵达悉尼机场时，工人们开始卸下装有服装的一批木箱。其中有只箱子特别重，可谁也弄不清是怎么回事。突然一个工人想到打开箱子看看。 看到的情景使人吃惊，箱内有一个人正躺在一堆毛织品之上。他由于被人发现而感到非常吃惊，甚至都没有企图逃跑。此人被逮捕后，承认他是在飞机离开伦敦前躲 进箱里的。他经历了一次漫长而又难受的旅程，因为他在那木箱里闷了18个多小时。此人被责令交付旅费3,500英镑，而正常票价是2,000英镑！
New words and Expressions生词和短语
Lesson 46 自学导读First things first课文详注 Further notes on the text
1．…workers began to unload a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing.……工人们开始卸下装有服装的一批木箱。
（1）unload的含义为“卸（货）”，它的反义词为load（装货）。与形容词 uncomfortable, unsmiling等相似，有些动词加前缀un可以表示做相反的动作。
（2）a number of为固定词组，表示“若干”、“许多”：
You've made a number of mistakes in typing this letter.
2．No one could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy. 其中有只箱子特别重，可谁也弄不清是怎么回事。
（1）短语动词 account for的含义为“说明理由”、“作出说明（或解释）”：
The bad weather in England accounts for Harrison's decision to leave the country.
How do you account for the battered car?
He couldn't explain the fact that Mary's wallet was found in his room.
3．It suddenly occurred to one of the workers to open up the box. 突然一个工人想到打开箱子看看。
（1）表示某人想起某事时，要用 sth. occurred to sb. 这个结构，主语为事，而不是人。
（2）it在句中为先行主语，代替不定式 to open up the box。
open up boxes／gifts 打开箱子／礼物
When he received the gifts, he opened them up at once.
4．He was astonished at what he found. 看到的情景使他吃惊。
表示某事使／让某人吃惊通常用sb. is/ are/ was/ were…astonished at sth.：
Sam appears astonished at the news/ the sound.
5．on top of, 在……上面。
She put the bread on top of a pile of other goods.
6．…he had been confined to the wooden box for over eighteen hours. ……他在那木箱里闷了十八个多小时。
Last weekend, Tom's mother confined him to his room.
7．The man was ordered to pay ￡3,500 for the cost of the trip. 此人被责令交付旅费3,500英镑。
She paid ￡ 50 for that dress.
语法 Grammar in use
在第22课的语法中，我们学习了后面可跟 of，from，in和 on 的动词，如 borrow，believe，dream，think，write，decide等。有些动词可以跟to，at，for和with连用，不过这些介词不 一定是惟一和这些动词连用的小品词。
It never occurred to them that a man had confined himself to one of the wooden boxes.
I prefer listening to music to reading newspapers.
This car belongs to Sam. It's not mine.
Will you see to this flower while I'm away?
He used to turn to me for help.
Dan was both surprised and amused at the news.
He was astonished at what he found.
What are you looking at?
When I arrived at the station, the train had already left.
A beggar knocked at the door.
I'm looking for my pen.
He was searched for the stolen money.
He's already been punished for his mistake.
John paid for the dinner.
Can you account for his strange behaviour?
A child is calling for help.
Tom often quarrels with his brother.
Don't play with fire!
I'm pleased with this room.
Sam used to mix with those people.
We'll begin with the exercises.
词汇学习 Word study
When did the accident occur?
This occurred about half a year ago.
It never occurred to me that he could be a thief.
A good idea occurred to Jane while she was talking to Mary.
It suddenly occurred to him to open up the box.
The man admitted hiding in the box before the plane left London.
Sally admitted that she had used your dictionary.
Without a ticket you won't be admitted into a cinema.
They won't admit him into/ to the government.